Virginia Hall - The Greatest American Female Spy
Written by Tim Nash
If there were ever the highest form of praise that an enemy can give to a spy, it was the one the German Gestapo gave to Virgina Hall when they called her "the most dangerous allied spy". Hall was a classic World War II spy in many ways including her many aliases of "Germaine", Camille", "Diane", and "Marie Monin". Even her arch enemies, the Germans had a nickname for Virginia Hall which was "Artemis".
From her early life in Baltimore, Virgina seemed destined to some form of career in international relations. As she benefited from her studies in Europe, her parents were able to facilitate for her a broad travel experience in France, Austria and Germany. Her knowledge of these countries was of tremendous use to her when she went on to become one of the most feared and notorious allied spies of the war effort.
It was after her school years that Virgina began to seek a life in international service when she got a job at the American Embassy in Warsaw Poland in the Consular Service as a clerk. This experience was a positive one which created an interest in the young Virgina Hall to seek a career in foreign service or diplomacy. But a tragic accident changed the course of her life which became a fluke of history that benefited the allied war effort tremendously.
While on a hunting accident in Turkey, an accident caused her to shoot herself in the left leg. Later the leg was amputated at the knee and Virginia adapted by naming her replacement wooden leg "Cuthbert". But the injury altered her career plans and she resigned from Embassy job and returned to Paris in where she was when the war broke out. Hall put her international experience to work joining the ambulance service to support the war effort. Before long she became part of the British Special Operations Executive and she was assigned to go undercover coordinating the underground resistance movement in an occupied area of France called Vichy.
The increased hostilities of the war only brought out the side of Virgina Hall that made her a great spy. When the Germans occupied France in 1942, Hall escaped to Spain and then to Britain where she was made a member of the Order of the British Empire in secret so she could continue her clandestine activities to impact the war effort. By this time Virgina was a skilled operative with training in underground work and how to operate in secret to carry out subterfuge for the allied effort.
Returning to occupied France and working under the code name "Diane", she confounded the Gestapo and quickly energized the French underground to prepare for the overthrow of the German occupation. She served a pivotal role in getting supplies in to sustain the underground and to coordinate safe houses to protect underground operatives. She worked closely with the Jedburgh team during the invasion at Normandy and it was Hall to trained three battalions of resistance soldiers to conduct a successful guerrilla war against the German and to complete countless spy operations to deliver important information to the allies. These efforts were a tremendous help in the effort to defeat the Germans in France and eventually to end the war victoriously for the allied forces.
Virginia Hall's story is an exciting example of true heroism as she used her considerable talents and tactical planning skills to stay one step ahead of the enemy throughout her time as an underground operative. We can thank spies like Virgina Hall for the work they did in occupied areas and behind enemy lines because it was her successes that lead to the victory against Nazi Germany ultimately.
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