The Battle of Hattin

The Battle of Hattin between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Ayyubid occurred on Saturday, July 4, 1187. The Crusader forces were captured or killed by the Muslim armies ruled by Saladin which removed most of their ability to wage a war. The Battle of Hattin Islamic forces became an major military power in … Read more

The Fourth Crusade

Initially the Fourth Crusade was intended to overthrow the Muslim controlled Jerusalem by invading Egypt. In April 1204, the crusaders of Western Europe attacked and encroached the Christian city of Constantinople which was the capital of Byzantine Empire.

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The Third Crusade

The Third Crusade which occurred in 1189-1192 also known as the Kings Crusade. The Crusade was an attempt for European Leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin which was a successful but ultimately fell short of the main goal of the reconquest of Jerusalem.

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The Second Crusade

The Second Crusade was launched from Europe and was the second major crusade which began in response to the decline of the County of Edessa. Baldwin of Boulogne found the county during the first crusade in 1098.

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The First Crusade

The First Crusade was a military campaign led by the Western Christianity from 1096 to 1099 to reclaim the Holy Lands which were taken in the Muslim victory of the Levant, which resulted in the recapture of Jerusalem. Pope Urban ll launched the campaign in 1095 with the focus of responding to an appeal from Byzantine Emperor Alexios l Komnenos, who requested western volunteers come to help ward of the invading Seljuq Turks from Anatolia.

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The Crusades

The Crusades in 1095 till 1291 were conducted by the Roman Catholic Europe and the Holy Roman Empire and involved a procession of religiously sanctioned military campaigns. They were fought over of period about 200 years by mainly Roman Catholic forces against Muslims.

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The Roman Wars

The Roman Wars started in 66CE initially because of Jewish and Greek religious tensions which later grew into anti-taxation protests and aggression upon Roman citizens. It ended when the military forces under Titus besieged and demolished the centre of rebel resistance in Jerusalem and conquered the remaining Jewish strongholds.

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The Romans Army

A Roman army or legion indicates the ancient Roman army unit which was recruited specifically only  from Roman citizens. The legions were mainly composed of about 6, 000 soldiers which were then divided into “cohorts” and further divided into “centuries”. The Roman Empire and the Roman Republic had an enormous amount of military successes and … Read more